The Kingdom of the Netherlands
World Heritage Sites acknowledged by UNESCO
World Heritage Sites
1. 1.The windmills of Kinderdijk
2. 2.Canals of Amsterdam
3. 3.Unesco World Heritage Sites Beemster and De Schermer
4. 4.Wadden Sea
5. 5.The Woudagemaal
6. 6.Rietveld Schröder House
7. 7.Sailing through UNESCO World Heritage Site Kinderdijk
9. 9.Defense Line of Amsterdam
10. 10.Van Nellefabriek
1.The windmills of Kinderdijk
Windmills of Kinderdijk
In the beautiful wetlands around Dordrecht, you will find the windmills of Kinderdijk. Nineteen beautiful windmills, built around 1740, stand as part of a larger water management system to prevent floods.
They are symbol of Dutch water management, and in 1997 they were declared to be UNESCO World Heritage.
The windmills of Kinderdijk were built to keep the low-lying lands of the Alblasserwaard dry.
The windmills of Kinderdijk are not far from Rotterdam and approximately an hour and a half’s drive from and Amsterdam Schiphol Airport and the capital city of Amsterdam. Kinderdijk is also easily accessible by public transportation.
2.Canals of Amsterda
Canals of Amsterdam are a symbol of Amsterdam and of great cultural and historical value.
According to UNESCO, the canals are cultural heritage of “outstanding universal value”
In 2010 the World Heritage Committee decided to submit the 17th century canal ring area in Amsterdam to the UNESCO World Heritage List.
3. Beemster and De Schermer
Beemster and De Schermer form a unique polder area that shows how the Dutch have controlled the waters and used them to their advantage for centuries
Between 1607 and 1612, the Dutch succeeded to reclaim land in an area that was at the time still an inland sea using 43 windmills. In those years, the lake of De Beemster changed into a beautiful landscape that lies 3.5 meters below sea level and is divided into a tight geometric pattern of squares and quadrants.
De Beemster was put on the UNESCO List of World Heritage Sites in 1999 as ‘a creative masterpiece created by humansˊ, with the 17th-century ideals still clearly visible in the entire area.
The Wadden Sea is a very young landscapes that cam e into being ‘just’ 7,000 years ago.
This Sea is a world with two faces. One moment everything is under water and the next moment you can walk on the seabed. Water is Wadden Sea is not deep . There are approximately fifty islands along the coast of the Netherlands, Germany and Denmark. The first islands are the five Dutch Wadden Islands, each with its own atmosphere and character.
he Wadden Sea is famous for its rich flora and fauna, especially birds. Hundreds of thousands of waders, ducks, and geese use the area as a migration stopover or wintering site.
The Wadden Sea is a natural area between Den Helder in the Netherlands and Esbjerg in Denmark. It is such a unique natural spectacle that the entire Wadden Sea was declared a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 2009.
The Woudagemaal in Frisian town of Lemmer is the largest steam-powered pumping station ever constructed and the only was built in 1920 to pump away the excess water in Friesland.
Until that time, large parts of Friesland were submerged during the winter. The D.F. Woudagemaal, can pump away over 4000 cubic meters of water per minute, or 6 million cubic meters per daysteam-powered pumping station in the world that is still in use. From a great distance away you can see the 60-metre-tall chimney of Woudagemaal pumping station.
The Woudagemaal was declared a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1998.
6.Rietveld Schröder House
The Rietveld Schröder House in Utrecht is a UNESCO World Heritage site, considered the architectural masterpiece of modern art movement De Stijl.
This houes is An icon of modern architecture designed in 1924 by Dutch architect Gerrit Rietveld (1888-1964).
Many of Rietveld’s most celebrated works, including the Red and Blue Chair, can be viewed at the Centraal Museum and in the Rietveld Schröder House.
The house was awarded protected UNESCO World Heritage status in 2000.
7.Sailing through UNESCO World Heritage Site Kinderdijk
Kinderdijk in the Alblasserwaard is considered proof of human ingenuity in reclaiming land and protection against water.
This makes a boat trip over the Lage Boezem of the Overwaard past the authentic windmills a unique experience. On the Canal Hopper Prins Friso or the Canal Cruiser, you will sail closely past the windmills.
Kinderdijk can also be reached from Rotterdam using the Water Bus.
Schokland is a former island in the Dutch Zuiderzee, in the municipality of Noordoostpolder. It was an elongated strip of peat land which ceased to be an island when the Noordoostpolder was reclaimed from the sea in 1942.
It’s a unique place with countless monuments and its unique dwelling mounds,.
Over 160 archeological sites show the development and history of the residents of Schokland.
Today Schokland is a popular archeological site and host to the Schokland Museum. Schokland was the first UNESCO World Heritage Site in the Netherlands.
9.Defense Line of Amsterdam
Defense Line of Amsterdam was built between 1880 and 1914 and consists of a connected network of locks, forts, dikes, ammunition depots and barracks.
The area around the fortifications is divided into polders, each at a different level and surrounded by dikes.
It has also been designated as a National Landscape due to the combination of cultural heritage, nature and peace that it offers.
The Defense Line of Amsterdam is included on the World Heritage List and is considered a monument of great cultural and historical value.
Van Nellefabriek built between 1925 and 1931 on the Schie in Rotterdam, It was a factory, processing coffee, tea and tobacco and later on additional chewing gum, cigarettes, instant pudding and rice. The operation stopped in 1996.
It is considered a prime example of the International Style based upon constructivist architecture. The architects wanted to realise light, air and space in the building and what makes the Van Nellefabriek extra special is the fact that it is still a lively commercial centre today.
In 2015, the Van Nelle Factory topped the list of The 25 Most Beautiful Factories in the World.
It has been a designated UNESCO World Heritage Site since 2014.