Iran in a glance

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Iran in a glance

Culture, Language, religion and so on!

Iran (Islamic Republic of Iran) is a country in southwest Asian, neighboring Turkey and Iraq on the west, Turkmenistan, Azerbaijan and Armenia on the north, Afghanistan and Pakistan on the east, UAE ,Qatar, Oman and Bahrain in south . Iran holds an important position in international energy security and world economy as a result of its large reserves of petroleum and natural gas.

Language

Farsi, the official language of Iran, is historically one of the most prominent languages of the Middle East and extended regions. English and Arabic are officially taught in Iran's schools and in some academic courses.

Culture

Iranian culture is one of the oldest in the region, and it has influenced cultures like Italy, Macedonia, Greece, Russia, the Arabian Peninsula, and parts of Asia

Religion

Islam is practiced by the majority of Iranians (98%) around 89% are Shi'a and around 9% are Sunni. Iran governs personal, political, economic and legal lives in Iran. Zoroastrianism was the national faith of Iran for more than a millennium before Islam. Today Zoroastrians, Jews, and Christians living in Iran are officially recognized and protected by the government. In addition, other non-Islamic religious minorities are living together with Muslims in the country.

Calendar

The Persian calendar is a solar calendar, however, some of the official religious Islamic and Shia holidays are based on a lunar calendar. Government official working days are from Saturday to Wednesday.

Literature

Iranian literature dates back to the poetry of Avesta (Holy book of Zoroastrians religion) , about 1000 years BC. This heritage was translated to several languages and influenced many cultures. Contemporary literature was influenced by classical Persian poetry although it reflects the particularities of modern day Iran. The Persian language has produced a number of famous poets such as Hafez, Saadi, Ferdowsi, Nizami, Attar, Sanai Rumi and Omar Khayyám, ,Nasir Khusraw and so many others . Houshang Moradi-Kermani, is one of the most famous modern Iranian writers and is considered the most translated modern Iranian author. Persian literature inspired Goethe, Ralph Waldo Emerson, and many others, and it has been often dubbed as a most worthy language to serve as a conduit for poetry.

Architecture

Architecture in Greater Iran has a continuous history from at least 5000BCE to the present, Iranian architecture displays great variety, both structural and aesthetic. Persian buildings vary from peasant huts to teahouses and garden, pavilions to "some of the most majestic structures the world has ever seen. In addition to historic gates, palaces, and mosques, the rapid growth of cities such as the capital, Tehran has brought about a wave of demolition and modern construction.

Art

Iran has a great art heritage visible in architecture, paintings, calligraphy and pottery. Evidence of a painted-pottery civilization around Susa has been dated to c 5000 BCE. Susa was firmly within the Sumerian Uruk cultural sphere during the Uruk period. From the Achaemenid Empire of 550 BC–330 BC for most of the time a large Iranian-speaking state has ruled over areas similar to the modern boundaries of Iran, and often much wider areas, sometimes called Greater Iran, where a process of cultural Persianization left enduring results even when ruler ship separated. The courts of successive dynasties have generally led the style of Persian art, and court-sponsored art has left many of the most impressive survivals. Due to long history of fine silk and wool rug weaving, Persian rugs are internationally known as the most beautiful across the world. Iran produces more rugs and carpets than all other countries put together. Kamal-ol- molk is one the greatest painters in Iran. He lived during Qajar dynasty

Films

Iranian films are celebrated and internationally acclaimed. The films have won more than 300 international awards in the past 10 years. The best known Persian directors are Abbas Kiarostami, Majid Majidi, and Asghar Farhadi.

Music

Music in Iran, as evidenced by the "pre-Iranian" archaeological records of Elam the oldest civilization in southwestern Iran, Iran is apparently the birthplace of the earliest complex instruments, which date back to the third millennium BC. A number of trumpets made of silver, gold, and copper were found in eastern Iran that are attributed to the Oxus civilization and date back between 2200 and 1750 BC. The use of both vertical and horizontal angular harps has been documented at the archaeological sites of Madaktu (650 BC) and Kul-e Fara (900–600 BC), with the largest collection of Elamite instruments documented at Kul-e Fara. Multiple depictions of horizontal harps were also sculpted in Assyrian palaces, dating back between 865 and 650 BC In addition to the traditional folk and classical genres, it also includes pop and internationally celebrated styles such as jazz, rock, and hip hop.

Higher education in Iran

The existence of pre-Islamic era universities such as The Academy of Gundishapur provide examples of precedence of academic institutions of science that date back to ancient time Now Iran has a large network of public, private and state affiliated universities offering degrees in higher education. State-run universities of Iran are under the direct supervision of Iran's Ministry of Science, Research and Technology (for non-medical universities) and Ministry of Health and Medical Education (for medical schools). According to article 3 of the Constitution of the Islamic Republic of Iran, Iran guarantees "free education and physical training for everyone at all levels, and the facilitation and expansion of higher education."

Cuisine

In Iranian cuisine, there are many dishes that are made from dairy products. In addition to these dairy products, Iranian cuisine involves a lot of dishes cooked from rice. Some popular rice dishes include boiled rice with a variety of ingredients such as meats and vegetables. Bread is arguably used in Iran. You can find all kinds of beef and lamb Kebabs in Iran. pork is prohibited . Iranian sweets typically involve the use of honey, cinnamon, lime juice, and sprouted wheat grain. Most preferred drink of the people of Iran is tea (without milk)

Family

In Iran, family matters are very important, as they take their responsibilities to their family very seriously. Women are to be protected and taken care of and it is inappropriate to ask questions about an Iranian's wife or other female relatives. Their loyalty to the family comes before everything.

Bridal

Typical wedding rituals occur in two stages. The first stage, Aghd, represents the legal aspect of marriage in Iran, where the bride and groom sign a marriage contract, usually in the bride's home. The second phase, Jashn-e Aroosi, is the wedding reception, where feasts and celebrations are held

Etiquette and Customs in Iran

The most common greeting is "salaam alaykum" or more simply "salaam" which means "peace" and "health" wishes to you.

Iranian people also greatly respect their elders.

You can show respect to them by greeting them first.

Introductions are generally restricted to members of the same sex since men and women socialize separately.

When Iranians greet each other they take their time and converse about general things.

punctuality is appreciated.

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